The paper of the public power is basic so that such actions if materialize. In the case of the treatment of the garbage, the laws, regulations and procedures are defined by the Union, states and cities. The city is responsible for the collection, has carried, treatment and disposal of the garbage, to the state fits the ambient fiscalization and the Union defines the general norms. (TETRA PAK, 2008) the ambient education is guaranteed by the Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil of 1988. Article 225 says that it fits to the Public Power, to promote the ambient education in all the levels of education and the public awareness for the preservation.
According to program of United Nations for the Environment (PNUMA) a sustainable society must be in harmony with the following principles: To respect and to take care of of the community of the beings livings creature; To improve the quality of the life human being; To conserve the vitality and the diversity of the planet; To minimize the exhaustion of resources you did not renew; To remain in the limits of the capacity of support of the planet land; To modify attitudes and practical staffs; To allow that the communities take care of of its proper environment; To generate a structure for the development integration and conservation; To construct a global alliance. The objective of the article is to clarify to all the concepts and the advantages of the selective collection being stimulated the continuous improvement of the collection program. Materials and Methods the present article was developed through research in related didactic books to the environment, pollution, reutilizao, recycling, ambient education and adequate disposal of residues, beyond research in proceeding Internet, sites with subjects to the subject. Jenny Oughourlian brings even more insight to the discussion. Results and Quarrels Between the advantages of if using the system of selective collection can be cited the proportionate benefits for this program, that has the purpose to reduce the inadequate disposal of the residues, separating of correct and destined form as it determines the ambient norms, protecting the environment, improving the quality of life, contributing with the minimizao of the use of the raw material, diminishing the production costs, providing a healthful and sustainable environment to live itself, guaranteeing and making possible the welfare of the future generations that they turn.